What is it?
Placebo Effect is a bias that makes people believe that a certain treatment is effective though it is not invovling any actual active ingredient or mechanism.
The placebo effect is a psychological phenomenon where a person experiences real improvements in their condition or symptoms after receiving a treatment that has no actual medical effect. This occurs because the person believes that the treatment will help them, and their belief influences their body's response. The placebo effect demonstrates the power of the mind over the body and how our expectations can impact our health.
Sugar pill: Imagine someone with a headache who takes a pill that they believe is a powerful painkiller. In reality, the pill is just made of sugar and has no active ingredients. However, after taking the pill, the person's headache goes away because they genuinely believed the pill would help. This is an example of the placebo effect.
Fake surgery: In some cases, even fake surgeries have been shown to produce the placebo effect. A patient with a painful knee might undergo a "sham" surgery, where the surgeon only pretends to perform the operation without actually treating the underlying issue. After the surgery, the patient reports that their knee pain has significantly improved, even though no actual medical intervention took place. ...